tv Doc Film - China - The Digital Dragon Deutsche Welle January 23, 2019 2:15am-3:01am CET
everything is on the line mel file an interactive benjamin to face lift a w. . with him had to be done to go suckers with the highest high you know if i had known that the boat would be that small i never would have gone on the trip to have it not to put myself and my parents in that danger to the god of sixteen to give us leave who would. think of it but that one of those would be to them i have serious problems on a personal level and i was unable to live their lives i'm going to. want to know their story for migrants terrified and reliable information for margaret's.
cats that have come and i was a warm welcome from shen sands of the southern chinese metropolis that forty years ago served as the launch pad for china's era of reform and opening ever since the city and the country have experienced a breathtaking change jobs in this program will be highlighting just some of those developments so i. look i see china was once viewed as the workshop of the world today shin's and is home to countless high tech companies that have earned it the nickname of china's silicon valley us silicon valley we visited some of the most successful one of these to understand the dine. mannix of
a fast paced transformation building clinton. forty years ago the landscape below was dotted with fishing villages today it's a bustling city of twelve million people many of whom are crafting the world's technological future this development is no coincidence in shands then everything seems possible. cost in a sense has just ordered a coffee and scans the sky as he waits for it to arrive the forty four year old german has worked for telecom giant huawei for eight years at the company's headquarters the coffee is delivered by a self flying drunk it's part of tests for the next generation five g. mobile technology self driving cars or cell flying delivery trucks the super high speed network makes it possible. as in the us we see that the drug managed to land without spilling the coffee to that end it's extremely important that the drone remains totally wholly zone clean. that requires more data being transmitted and
increasingly fausta rate people calm down. who are way is the world's second biggest smartphone maker it's also a global leader in the development of five g. network technology it's sprawling headquarters feel like a city district complete with swimming and sports facilities for employees many of whom own company shares the way is a respected employer and a major supplier for german network operators it has one hundred eighty thousand employees worldwide the company says almost half is involved in research and development so it's not exactly like. that customs and says it's not surprising that companies based in shenzhen are spearheading the development of future technologies you have hung in says us he has a different approach than germany you based your entire business and product development strategy on a long term plan. i mean china and above all in chains and it's about fostering
a nice ation this is where things were to get done. chen zen is also way ahead in realizing the vision of a networked city that will huawei companies showroom garbage bins indicate when they're full and the control room compiles data from the fire department for example or on the number of ambulances available artificial intelligence directs traffic more efficiently. workers at this company are for selling a different mission james joe is one of those in shenzhen making things happen he started a robotics company with a thousand employees his successful models are still rather playful they dance have communications programs or come with d.i.y. assembly instructions. but his robots are in increasing demand in the corporate
world make sure. that this one is already on the floors of several department stores helping customers find their destination. james jones says the prevailing mentality in shenzhen is its recipe for success. orchard he said if we develop a model in a silicon valley or somewhere else like beijing it can take quite a long time we will need maybe three or four months ago but here in transitionals we can get the same results in six to eight weeks that. robots still have to find their feet but while they may still be wobbly give them three to five years it's manufacturer say and they'll be moving into our apartments serving our coffee supporting the elderly and playing with the kids. the employees are driven by a passion for innovation many work from nine in the morning till midnight companies are eligible for sup. cities the city and state provide generous funds for
technologies that helped spur china's rise to a high tech global power. when china launched its policy of reform and opening four decades ago chen zen was designated a special economic zone it's a magnet for workers with ideas and an entrepreneurial spirit drawing young talents determined to realize their dreams in a unique environment. while chong bay is a district known for its sprawling electronics market offering everything that businesses or tinkerers might need to develop prototypes for new products numerous workshops like this one have been established to speed up promising developments. so like when you have this idea and then you come here and turn into a working prototype and then we can talk to you about what you plan for the next night if you want chill manufacturing a lot of it we can connect you to the supply chain that can help you sell us the different parts and help you to turn that one problem product into maybe one
thousand one million of them. those whose ideas make the cut and are allowed to work here pay less than one hundred euros a month for access to sophisticated equipment developers receive counseling and introductions to investors or marketing experts. the operators of such centers are then guaranteed a percentage of the revenue of the newly created startups. universities are also keen to foster engineering talent teams and more than one hundred schools are currently preparing for a tournament robots fight each other with small pellets that have to hit sensors they were built by students to steer them like in a computer game. then i'll tell. you . some robots can already shoot without a remote control they're equipped with artificial intelligence. one of the most
successful firms is seeking to use the competition to fuel students' enthusiasm for robotics. the company d.j. eye is already the leading global producer of drones for private use but increasingly it's been taking orders from the corporate and agricultural sector the latest can be steered through our movements the firm has twelve thousand employees whose average age is twenty seven they feel they're on par with silicon valley they both have great in innovations coming out working here and so on gen i personally you know felt that you know the pace and speed at which things happen are really quick and i think there's this mentality of let's give this a try you know that's what if this happens or how else could we use is. while technologies like facial recognition artificial intelligence and robots are feud with skepticism in many other countries here and then they're seen as the ticket to the future to the next big invention and can't be developed fast enough.
she means until the chinese are very open to technological change. that and awareness of the issues concerning data protection is less pronounced has become one that china's communist party supports future technologies like artificial intelligence with generous subsidies i just wonder is it fear the internet because it was seen as an uncontrollable entity the feeling but it's a long sense mastered internet regulation time now it's using the opportunities of the digital world to its own advantage to open up business opportunities and keep tabs on society in previously unimaginable ways will be it easy doesn't fit into. my encounter with the future the camera recognizes that i'm a man it's not sure of my age but comes near enough i'm still a stranger to the system which is analyzing my movements but it's a fast learner. on the street that recognises traits by itself car driver of
a two wheeled vehicle green t. shirt short hair every day the system learns more from the countless data it's fed with. shia he non works for a company that's already altering daily life with developments in artificial intelligence. facial recognition is key each face unique cult. so if you would just step into a minister i'm going to enter the camera if you are greatest so we can know you in real time when she approaches the company and from the camera recognizes him immediately even without his glasses and grants access employees no longer need company id facial recognition is enough. a small start up some three years ago it now has five hundred employees china is on track to dominate digital technology development artificial intelligence online commerce and cash transactions are
booming despite strict internet controls. david bond or ski follows china's media landscape he says beijing has managed to pull off a previously unthinkable feat. we had this perception in the past that you can't nail jello to the wall clinton's famous statement about the internet is this uncontrollable medium i think china is out to prove to the world that that it can have the best of both worlds we can control the internet and it can also have sort of a vibrant business space. the chinese president and party leader xi jinping understood early on the threat posed by the internet to the communist party. he turned the tables passing tight laws and an army of censors to block unwelcome content. at the same time the powers that be use digital technology to keep tabs on citizens the government is spurring the development of facial recognition tens of millions of cameras have already been installed across the country and as their numbers grow
they're also getting smarter. this camera cannot tell anything to the parties and they're not they to tyler just that they can receive or so the government needs to submit its camera do more some. thompson mike's. reader is the criminal. every face is linked to reams of data internet users leave traces of what they buy whom they communicate with a mobile phone app registers where people go on their rental bikes most chinese use we chat an app for chatting paying bills or booking flights chinese internet giants like we chat operator ten cent have an official permit which allows that free access to users data. pay with your face in a restaurant from airlines to train stations and universities facial recognition is being tested in all areas of daily life. the state is also using the technology to
discipline citizens in some cities jaywalkers are named and shamed on giant roadside screens the practice is part of a social credit system that authorities aim to introduce across the country. it would rank citizens according to how well they comply with the rules. their scores may one day determine whether they get a place in a university a job in a state company or a bank loan. what you've posted online could also affect your score so china's vision at least is of this kind of system where they're able to harness big data to spot potential problems in terms of social unrest before they arise and of course fighting crime and all that is is a part of that but it's really much much bigger. companies are more optimistic cameras equipped with artificial intelligence for example can count heads and
independently help control crowds or road traffic big data enables companies to better understand the needs of their customers it's a fine line between the blessing of useful technology and the curse of a surveillance state if used for its recognition we can go to the subway station is not an inferior. yes because if any criminal person was in a supposition there is a mourning but i am the good one i have no fear yes maybe not the benefit but there are still some some question on that i have to admit this because but this wasn't true saw the need to be stopped by the government regulation i think. there are still technical hurdles what if hackers gained access to the system that would almost certainly fuel demand for more data protection. the extent to which china's leadership will make use of its digital opportunities remains to be seen. but the road to a total surveillance state in china has been paved. the
neighbors even that made you want it more than seven hundred million people in china own a smartphone and they use it for all types of things to pay order watch videos or to take to the airwaves live streaming is a popular pursuit and a big business you must depart tackiness is have to abide by many rules after all it is an army of censors ensures china's internet is among the most strictly controlled in the world and that doesn't stop young chinese from pursuing their dream career as a live stream or. scene. across the country they perform in front of their phone cameras they sing dance and struck their stuff in a talent show. others document daily life in the countryside what they eat or find amusing. feeds or the nooses.
they all hope to attract lots of viewers live streaming in china is a popular pastime for some it's just fun for others a ticket to fame and fortune. lynn lynn is working on her career as a live stream or in beijing she's a beginner the twenty two year old studied management in singapore back in china she worked at a state owned company but didn't see many opportunities for herself there. was down there so. i don't want to be confined by my work but i enjoy my freedom oh jane in iowa city life streaming is a new industry or one that i want to try it and test my potential war song. this is her dream factory the beijing agency is one of many offering small studios to live streamers it has nine thousand performers under contract all busy building large fan communities from here or their own home. her
lean limbs audition was promising now she's on air every day from eleven to five while more than two hundred million chinese tune into live streaming platforms so far hers has only achieved around a thousand visitors she answers text messages chats about everyday topics things she even stays on air while she's eating as a beginner she doesn't earn much unlike this man. shin shin is an industry star with more than a million fans after his studies he thought about pursuing a career in fashion he did a stint as a bar singer and then tried life streaming to earn some extra cash. who when i started i came across as unnatural and many people didn't like me my true fan and then my friends told me to just be myself and since then it's been great. the twenty five year old is always in a good mood. he has his own daily program and like today makes guest appearances on
other live streaming shows the topics include overcoming divisions movies and teenage memories. of an agency. employee tracks the digital gifts pouring in from fans it's how he earns his money. there can be digital race cars or rings the basic models cost less than a euro but there are some for several hundred year olds. qianqian show is also powered by e-commerce kitchen appliances food and other products he talks about can be placed in the viewer shopping cart and delivered to their home via an app an industry worth billions has been created in the space of just a few years successful live streamers earn six thousand euros and more per month some top stars are self-made millionaires but most only just managed to make ends meet lynn lynn's performance is monitored by her agent who gives her tips while
she's on air the agencies are in a cut from every digital gift and have a vested interest in helping their life stream or sell themselves. trip or you're going fodder for a career in live streaming women need to look good and any communication skills on their home. or water men should also look good but above all their shows need to be fun if you're in a sense of humor. you know your own wonder. the agent tells us there are tools to help people meet beauty ideals a digital filter can narrow the lower jaw smooth skin and enlarge in the eyes again a. little and looks a little different on screen. the live streams encourage social interaction but china's gigantic censorship apparatus ensures that nothing is said written or performed that might be frowned upon by the communist party who are considered to have seen. it. and
where widespread self-censorship is not enough employees and software programs block critical keywords and chats. several platforms have already been closed down the government nevertheless supports live streaming the manager says the industry creates jobs but no one may cross the red line including fans so from. the people on the platforms are usually only interested in games entertainment or the performers may never see them as political that's what matters in other words we don't touch on things like politics religion or pornography. china's state media is demanding even stricter controls after increasingly daring performances the twenty six year old extreme climber died after falling from the sixty second floor of a skyscraper he was filming one of his many selfie videos. lynn lynn is not
interested in dangerous stunts she wants to make people laugh her agent reviews her strategy she also has to learn how to deal with insults so i'm told if someone says i'm ugly i say something must be wrong with their eyes and they need to go to the off from ologist until they can see i'm beautiful. because then their eyes will be back to normal again i react to such comments with a touch of irony then at the age it shows her another lifestream or to model herself on her she urges limon to be more dynamic and positive to elicit more reactions from viewers. never the less the agency is relatively satisfied with her first week of live streaming. then little then returns to air it's taken many stars at least a year to build a substantial fan community lynn lynn finds that encouraging most live streamers however give up at some point in vanished from screens as quickly as they appeared little wonder given the competition.
i'd seen as it fits when china began opening up then had a lot to gain from its proximity to affluent hong kong it's now been part of china again for more than twenty years under the one country two systems modeled after chains in hong kong and other cities in the pearl river delta already form one of the most dynamic economic regions in the world a new mega branch ams to bolster development but in hong kong people fear that beijing will exert greater control on the more liberal regions. so in the. bridge and tunnel construction that set new records spanning fifty five kilometers it's designed to improve integration among cities in an economic zone that's already a global economic powerhouse the pearl river delta the ferries are facing competition . let me lay the bridge has advantages for hong kong it cuts travel time and we're
no longer dependent on the ferries alone. the new bridge over the pearl river slashes the journey time around the greater bay area from more than three hours to just thirty minutes it's improved hong kong's connection to the industrial region on the chinese mainland. the bridges proponents see a host of economic benefits. in terms of. transportation cost at the time this would. be. more competitive in the region. megacities like long show are as much a part of the pearl river delta as hong kong's neighboring metropolis shans in it's here in the pro river delta the china's transition from the world's workshop to a technologically advanced global player is progressing fastest. sixty six million people live in the boom region where the billions of euros funneled into infrastructure have put every city within an hour's commute of each other.
macau and its casinos are hoping to profit the former portuguese colony is another special administrative region granted greater autonomy from beijing under the one country two systems principle it share the cost of the bridge which it hopes will also boost tourism. so we're looking at you know probably and the tourism side a lot more multi destination itineraries meaning to say that people coming late cannot go on campus and not only how call not only macau but also other cities within the region. what environmentalists worry about white dolphins in the delta others complain about the projects exorbitant costs a waste of money say many in hong kong a city racked by unaffordable housing crisis critics also worry that beijing will use the bridge to force assimilation this kind of project. more.
like a symbol that hong kong has full control of beijing. the bridge isn't open to everyone drivers need an expensive permit to drive on the left in hong kong and on the right on the mainland on the bridge itself traffic alternates from right to left hand traffic. unknown downtown lies on the opposite bank the affluent former british crown colony can't get a grip on one big problem there are no affordable apartments we experienced how dramatic the situation is for many people there when we visited some of the so-called cage people. their home is a cage seven men live in abject poverty sharing one subdivided room most days they don't have enough money for three meals mr long shows us where he's lived for years
he receives the equivalent of five hundred euros in welfare he spends half on his cage bed and electricity. murcer per floor smart garbage anything casto no one cares about us. to go there only way of hope is life xan she pays regular visits to inquire how they're doing what they need and brings extra money for food she works for an aid organization that cares for many people in hong kong living in such appalling conditions. have been nice way to say and l.c.s. were a shameful because the whole call we had huge resources and people they had so weak . and that they got months ahead she was you know six so i think actually it up once you have that capacity it recesses to have these people but we will just allow
this to happen. hong kong. tops the table of cities with the world's most on affordable housing more than seven million inhabitants little space and a strong demand for luxury apartments that fuels price increases it's a lucrative market for realtors for the middle class the dream of owning a condominium is increasingly out of reach it's long been the norm to spend half one's income on rent or mortgage many people don't stand a chance of finding a decent apartment behind the facades he lives shocking squalor. residents call her the poor people's angel life seana companies thirteen year old chuck me into his home many apartments have been subdivided by their owners in the cubicles known as shoe boxes with her income from part time work and welfare payments shocks mother can only afford two and a half square metres of living space a bunk bed and a small table his mother is often in despair. so you have
a month. to month and i wish we had a big enough apartment to move about freely. you knowing. little it's only you it's so small here we can't even enter at the same time. chuck is too ashamed to tell his classmates where he lives most of the roommates here work but their salaries don't suffice for a normal apartment they have no choice but to share a kitchen and a bathroom with others. going on go on their only hope is the public housing program but the wait list is long and it can take years to get a subsidized apartment life schon helps applicants with the paperwork and piles pressure on the authorities such cramped conditions are hard to bear meaning these honestly is not easy to keep money really feel the main street that you come to see him because. he ain't going easy on you sometimes many months and some people
you know what he's doing and he signs down these too many people and i do not look . around thirty percent of hong kong's residents live in public housing the misery of others is evident from afar the search for affordable housing drives some people into corrugated iron whelan's on the rooftops of industrial buildings with meager safety precautions. it's illegal and dangerous. but these people have nowhere else to go. the. children are hit particularly hard life shawn grew up in poverty and knows how they feel. they don't have enough space at home to sit down at a table to do homework volunteers with her aid organization help disadvantaged children and teach them that they don't have to be ashamed of their living situation. there so it may just go because they feel that you period it not
is an up or sometimes it it they they at the beginning they're not getting that back but of course the other people they don't know that then for sample we have with us some children they are constantly north they living in this kind of eating small space and they can't. lie sean says the city has to do more to provide public housing and criticises that developers are allowed to sit on large land reserves she's helped hundreds move in to subsidize apartments even if like in mrs tice case the wait lasted years the flats are larger and the rents cheaper than subdivided apartments it's a life changing improvement residents have more money to spend on other needs life shawn devotes all her time to the poor i feel happy because when i help people that you do because i feel very sorry for them and so i wore high and they finally put
their situation days they'd be really happy and i don't know because i think helping people is kind of happiness. back to the cage homes the tenants also pay more rent here than they would for subsidized housing if my xan didn't take care of mr long and the other men some wouldn't even have warm clothing for cool winter nights. to not have to rush hour when hong kong's workers have returned home mr long sometimes goes to the soccer field when he worked in a slaughterhouse he lived in company accommodation now he's seventy and sick he's given up hope of ever getting an. subsidized apartment. he's just one of almost three hundred thousand people in hong kong on the waiting list. often he already is also still
a problem on the chinese mainland you and me millions of chinese live on less than two year olds a day the communist party is seeking to eradicate such extreme poverty by two thousand and twenty the fight against poverty above all targets underdeveloped rural regions. e-commerce has already helped transform many villages in ways their residents could never have imagined possible just a few years ago. this is the small countryside village of dean lou it has one thousand two hundred sixty inhabitants for as long as they can remember villagers made a paltry living from agriculture and were desperately poor today most families only work the fields as a side job and this is rent kingships warehouse. the former farmer still has trouble using a computer but he and his wife talk themselves the essentials to operate a shop on the consumer to consumer site. they sell all kinds of costumes for dance
groups or photography studios. he's just commissioned the first advertising videos for his home page and can hardly believe how fast his life has changed. for the farmer you work in the fields generation after generation we never thought about working on a computer. we thought there was something for people in the city tune in for a comment on. this sign at the village entrance reads e.-commerce paves the way to happiness there are still signs of poverty but it's disappearing. only five years ago the village was a quiet backwater it has since the merged as a booming center for online trade that development has brought traffic jams because now many villages. in cars shops have opened even banks because suddenly the people here are making money. the new industrial center built from government subsidies
the village once had a few tailors who made customs e-commerce open the door to the world's biggest online market and farmers like grand king shang discovered their entrepreneurial spirit. these women taught themselves to so now they earn a good three hundred euros a month more than tripling what they made as farm workers when king shen already has fifty employees for him low cost labor makes the countryside an attractive place to do business. but that only i think e-commerce makes effective use of all local resources you can sell products made locally on the on line platform and make the most of all the regional advantages i need to. have a modern soup our customers say they're not just happy they have enough to eat they can even open savings accounts life in the countryside suddenly offers opportunities for the future. that you see i need to get used to be that as a young person you either worked in the fields or became
a migrant worker will tell though you can earn money and take care of your parents and children at home. so that when king chen is the villages party leader every day he hosts delegations who come to learn the secret to his success his village is a model for fighting poverty in rural china in the afternoon the merchandise is sorted for distribution at the new logistics center the former farmer ren king xing makes more than one million euros in sales a year and has already received his first orders from south korea and the u.s. he now has his sights set on exporting costumes made in his village to the whole world. and if. it's an hour long flight from shenzhen to the picturesque rice terraces of a province a popular tourist destination it's home to the young. one of more than fifty recognized ethnic groups in china ya'll have a special tradition after a ritual haircut on their eighteenth birthday you know the women never cut their hair again. the ritual only takes place once
a year and i'm talking. for your mistake now take this opportunity to say goodbye from thanks so much for watching. over centuries farmers in southeastern china have cultivated the land into majestic stepped rice terraces the traditions that prevail in ethnic villages here offer a glimpse into the rural past. this village probably maintains one ancient custom the hairstyle of yeah women. young may is turning eighteen this year tomorrow she will get the last haircut of her lifetime. why of course i'll be sad i let my hair grow for so many years it's part of me it won't be easy for me to have it cut off. with. tomorrow will be an important day
for the whole family the father offers his daughter some comforting words. on that water on the one hand it's sad that she has to cut off her hair now you will. not after that she'll be considered a grown up. and her hair will grow back. after all this is the village of long haired women. the gal tribes ancient tradition is observed across the province the not in front of the head indicates that a woman is married the women's hair has become a tourist attraction after their eighteenth birthday women never again let a pair of scissors near their head. some have hair that's grown to a length of more than two metres. i think. the pond family runs a guest house with a restaurant their daughter may attends
a boarding school and is only home one weekend a month. the coming of age ritual is important to her she could have said no. to her mother lu fang sets out the traditional clothing and jewelry for tomorrow's celebration then she attends her own hairstyle for the long hair is a symbol of wealth and a long life the longer the hair the better. the women don't even trim the ends. the hair style is an easy to arrange it incorporates two extra hair pieces one stems from her own coming of age ceremony when she turned eighteen the other is made from combed out strands. elect every single hair that falls to the ground we tie them up and use them in our hair do. this on may isn't sure whether she wants to follow in her mother's
traditional footsteps so much when i grow up i want to look around first after all the world is big i can spend my entire life in one place i like. the big day has come for centuries the traditional life of people here garnered little to no attention today it's fueling a boom in tourism that's an important source of revenue for locals farmers tending their fields are photo op there's even a viewing platform for visitors. in. the streets of this once sleepy village are now often congested john may's father doesn't mind the transformation. it wasn't so long ago that people here didn't have enough to eat. ten years ago we didn't get any tourists. life was our. we had to leave in. earn money as
migrant workers. but nodded tourism is developed. people in our village are doing a lot better. it's the villages eighty families receive a share of the revenue from the foreman says for tourists us the demonstration includes a shampoo just the women have developed their own recipe based on rice water it's praised as a miracle cure for beautiful hair and sold as a souvenir. tourists marvel over the women's hair which remains a deep black even in old age for the cameras they rent their heads in the mountain river like in ancient times. is ready. throngs the village square. the ritual is
held once a year according to the moon calendar this time john may is the only girl in the village getting her hair cut. a local yelp priest begins the ceremony which signifies that she is an adult and can marry. as her mother uncovers her head the women of the village sing in the yard dialect. then a simple pair of kitchen scissors cuts through her strong hair. her mother will keep the strand until mary's. it's painful for her to part with her hair. surrounded by tourists she's granted a moment alone under the umbrella to mourn her loss.
after the ceremony when quiet has returned to the village shang may is back at home and all smiles she's returning to her boarding school and has already got used to her new hairstyle. so i was sad it did make me sad but now i'm fine again it was a bit surreal one minute my hair was still there and then suddenly it was gone. so . when i wanted to tie my hair back in a ponytail i thought wait a minute where's my hair got it without hope. now she aims to pass the entrance exam to a good university and make her parents proud maybe she'll become a teacher. after a few years in the big city she might come back to her family tell village the home of women with beautiful hair.
if you would like to be our fighters want to start families to become farmers or engineers every one of them has a plan for the. summoning is just that the children who have already been the boy and those that will follow are part of a new process. they could be the future of. granting opportunities global news that matters d. w. made from mines. serial killers. violent robber gangs. and the ugly prison feature of life in one thousand nine hundred twenty s. berlin. but the criminals don't reckon with him detective superintendent announced cannot. revolutionizes forms of procedures and establishes extensive records are
still laying the foundation. metropolis of crime. starts january twenty ninth. on g.w. . the. german chancellor angela merkel and french president emmanuel mark on have signed a new treaty aimed at strengthening their relationship and reenergizing the european union under the agreement the two countries will step up cooperation on a range of issues including security and foreign policy. the united states supreme court has authorized the trumpet ministration to go ahead with its ban on transgender people serving in the armed forces the court focused.